Chonburi (Thai: ชลบุรี, ชลบุรี (help·info)) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Chachoengsao, Chanthaburi and Rayong. To the west is the Gulf of Thailand. The eastern seaboard is heavily industrialized and underpinned by shipping, transportation, tourism, and manufacturing industries, and second to only Bangkok in economic output.
From historical evidence, Mueang Chonburi has been settled since the Ayutthaya period. Originally, it comprised many small towns such as Mueang Bang Sai, Mueang Bang Pla Soi, and Mueang Bang Phra. Later, King Rama V combined these towns together into Chonburi Province.
The word Chon originates from the Sanskrit word Jala meaning water, and the word buri from Sanskrit Puri meaning town or city. Hence the name of the province literally means City of Water.
The province is located at the Bay of Bangkok, the northern end of the Gulf of Thailand. A mountain range stretches from the north-west to the south-east of the province, while the fertile plains of the north were long used for farming. In Laem Chabang, in the south of the province, is one of the few deep-water harbours of Thailand.
Pattaya, located on the Gulf of Thailand, is a major international tourist destination.
The 20th World Scout Jamboree, organised by the World Organization of the Scout Movement, drew 30,000 teenage Boy Scouts to a naval base near the village of Sattahip, where activities included: world issue awareness, a showcase of Thai science & technology, and obstacle course-style competitions between scouts from different nations.
The province of Chonburi is unique in that it does not possess a City Pillar Shrine Lak_Mueang. There is a plan to construct a shrine by 2012.
The provincial seal shows the hill Khao Sam Muk, on which a shrine is located. The local people believe that the spirit of that mountain protects the fishermen from harm. The legend says that in the 18th century a Chinese girl threw herself from the cliff after her parents objected to her marriage to her lover.
Provincial tree as well as flower is the Burmese Rosewood (Pterocarpus indicus, local name Pradu).
The provincial slogan is Beautiful Beaches, Delicious Khao Lam, Sweet Sugar Cane, Delicate Basketry Products and Buffalo Racing.
The province is subdivided in 11 districts (amphoe). These are further subdivided into 92 subdistricts (tambon) and 691 villages (muban).